How to Maintain an Electric Fence

electric Fence  is used to deter or prevent the entry of livestock, pets and people into areas where the presence of a dangerous animal or object could cause harm. It is designed to complete an electrical circuit when contacted by a conductive animal or person and delivers a shock that can vary in intensity from mild discomfort to pain or lethal injury. It can also frighten the animal and make it rethink the decision to approach or enter the area.

Most modern electric fences are powered by pulsed current from a voltage multiplier-based charger. The charger stores high voltage potential and dumps it as soon as a conductive load contacts the energized wires. This is why an animal must contact both the hot and ground wires for a shock to be experienced.

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The grounding system is a vital part of any electric fence. It carries electricity from the charger, down the fence line and through the animal to the ground. If the grounding system is not adequate, the animal will receive a weaker shock or will not get shocked at all. The system should include multiple ground rods each 6 to 8 feet long with adequate ground clamps. Ideally, the grounding system should be located in a boggy or wet area, as dry soil conducts electricity much less effectively.

Broken or damaged insulators will leak electricity, and weeds and debris on the fenceline will drain the power from the wires. If these are not kept in check, the electric fence will not perform well.

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